Standing on sacred ground
2/5/2016, 6:13 p.m.
Three unarmed black men encountered a group of white men walking down a dirt road in Slocum, Texas, on July 29, 1910. Without warning, and with no reason, the white men opened fire on the black men. And, for two days, white men simply slaughtered black people. Eight deaths have been officially acknowledged, but historians who have studied the Slocum Massacre say that it is likely that dozens more were killed, with some saying as many were killed in Slocum as in Tulsa, Okla, in 1921, and those numbers range into the hundreds.
The New York Times quoted William Black, the sheriff at the time of the massacre:
“Men were going about killing Negroes as fast as they could find them, and so far as I was able to ascertain, without any real cause. I don’t know how many were in the mob, but there may have been 200 or 300. … They hunted the Negroes down like sheep.”
History mostly swallowed the horror of the Slocum Massacre. Some descendants of those massacred pushed for official acknowledgement of the horror, but there have been efforts to cover up the carnage, with some in Slocum pretending that the massacre never happened. It took more than a century, until 2011, for the Texas Legislature to formally acknowledge the massacre. A roadside marker commemorating the tragedy was just placed on Jan. 26. A local member of the Anderson County Historical Commission opposed the marker because “the citizens of Slocum today had absolutely nothing to do with what happened over a hundred years ago.
E.R. Bills, author of “The 1910 Slocum Massacre: An Act of Genocide in East Texas,” says there are more than 16,000 historical markers in Texas. “The Slocum Massacre historical marker will apparently be the first one to specifically acknowledge racial violence against African-Americans.”
His book meticulously documents the Slocum facts, and asserts, “Many white folks got away with murder.” Only 11 were arrested for their role in the massacre. Seven were indicted but none were prosecuted for their crimes. The 11 were only the known criminals.
The Slocum historical marker stands on sacred ground. There is much more sacred ground in these United States, ground that is soaked with the blood of lynched and murdered African-Americans. Yet there are few markers of our nation’s historical madness. The Equal Justice Initiative, an Alabama-based organization that has documented the magnitude of our nation’s lynching history, hopes to build markers and memorials on lynching sites, much like the one in Slocum. We need these memorials to remind us of an era of racial terror, and to consider the contemporary consequences of that terror.
This year, the Association for the Study of African-American Life and History (ASALH) has chosen “Hallowed Grounds: Sites of African American Memories” as their Black History Month theme. The focus on location is important. They mention plantations, historic homes and historic streets.
Many of our nation’s major cities have experienced gentrification in the past decade or more. Washington is no longer “Chocolate City” – it’s more like neapolitan or chocolate chip. The 125th Street of the Harlem Renaissance has diversified, as young white people with deep pockets are pushing the prices of historic brownstones into the seven or eight-figure price range. No matter. The places are still sacred ground and should be recognized as such.
It is important to acknowledge these places with statues, markers and memorials, lest we forget. Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it. We assert that Black Lives Matter because so many black lives were obliterated in Slocum, and because for far too long it was convenient and comfortable to forget a heinous massacre.
The writer is an author, economist and founder of Economic Education.