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Getting a pass?

Some fully accredited schools don’t always spell success

Jeremy Lazarus | 10/12/2017, 9:45 p.m.
Are public schools that are labeled fully accredited actually providing a good education for at least the large majority of ...

Are public schools that are labeled fully accredited actually providing a good education for at least the large majority of their students?

As it turns out, independent research indicates that label can be as phony as a three dollar bill.

Richmond is a prime example.

While the state has reported that 18 city schools were fully accredited, independent research shows at least eight of the schools did not actually meet state benchmarks.

In other words, the percentage of students at those schools earned passing grades on Standards of Learning (SOL) tests fell below the minimum in one or more subject areas.

“For a school to earn full accreditation,” according to the state “students must achieve adjusted pass rates of at least 75 percent in English and at least 70 percent in mathematics, science and history. High schools must also meet a benchmark for graduation and completion.”

The adjustments and waivers that have been pushed by the General Assembly and the state Board of Education are now so huge that schools can be rated as fully accredited even though up to half of students cannot pass SOLs, according to retired attorney John Butcher of Richmond, who supplied the independent research.

Mr. Buthcer crunches state education data for a hobby and reports his findings on “CrankysBlog.”

He points to E.S.H. Greene Elementary as a prime example of what he calls “accreditation inflation.”

The Richmond school was rated as fully accredited even though the percentage of students passing SOL tests in 2016 was far below the minimum standards.

In reading, for example, only 51 percent of students at Greene passed the SOL test, far below the 75 percent requirement, according to the original data reported to the state, Mr. Butcher stated.

But Greene has a large number of Latino students who struggle with reading English and are listed as English Language Learners or ELL. The state allows Greene to throw out their results.

That adjustment pushed the percentage of Greene students passing the SOL reading test to 81 percent, a 30 percent jump from the real figure and more than enough to meet the state benchmark of 75 percent.

Mr. Butcher noted that the state published Greene’s 81 percent results in a school-by-school report that was issued to the public and media outlets. He simply went deeper to get the data on Greene and other city public schools before the state applied adjustments.

“Greene enjoyed similar, if smaller ‘adjustments’ in math and history so the school “met the benchmarks in those subjects,” Mr. Butcher found.

Greene still fell short in science despite a 10 percent adjustment in that subject, Mr. Butcher noted.

Nonetheless, the school “remains fully accredited,” he wrote. That status is due to a policy imposed by the General Assembly. A school that was fully accredited for three years remains fully accredited for three additional years no matter how well students are faring.

The other Richmond schools that did not meet benchmarks include five other elementary schools: Bellevue, Linwood Holton, J.L. Francis, Miles Jones and Southampton; and two high schools considered among the best in the city, Franklin Military and Richmond Community.