NAACP lawsuit alleges black and disabled students bear brunt of punishment in city schools

Jeremy M. Lazarus | 8/26/2016, 7:04 a.m.
Richmond Public Schools — dominated by African-American administrators and teachers — is being accused of fueling the “school-to-prison pipeline” through ...
Ms Thompson, Dr. Bedden

Richmond Public Schools — dominated by African-American administrators and teachers — is being accused of fueling the “school-to-prison pipeline” through a regime of discipline that punishes mostly African-American students, particularly those with disabilities.

The claim that African-American students unfairly and illegally bear the brunt of school discipline — and the resulting disruption to their education — is included in a 28-page complaint the Richmond Branch NAACP and two African-American students filed Wednesday with the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights.

The goal: To gain reforms that will lead the school district to “adopt strategies that improve the school climate and ensure discipline policies that are fair for all students,” said Lynetta Thompson, president of the Richmond NAACP.

Data included with the complaint indicate that during the 2014-15 school year, more than 3,200 students in kindergarten through 12th grade were punished with one or more short-term suspensions of three to five days. Nearly 500 students were hit with long-term suspensions of 10 or more days, while 35 students were expelled, according to the complaint.

While African-American students made up 76 percent of the RPS 23,000 student population during the 2014-15 school year, 93 percent of short-term suspensions, 98 percent of long-term suspensions and 97 percent of expulsions involved African-American students, according to the complaint.

In addition, students with disabilities were nearly three times more likely to face suspensions than students without disabilities.

“There is overwhelming evidence that the school division’s discipline policies are excessively punitive and lack clear standards,” according to Rachel Deane of the Legal Aid Justice Center, which along with the ACLU of Virginia, is representing the complainants.

“Overly punitive discipline policies damage the learning environment, deny African-American students and students with disabilities of their right to an education and push children into the school-to-prison pipeline,” according to Leslie Mehta, legal director of the ACLU of Virginia.

The concern about RPS’ discipline policies hits a school district already facing major challenges. Not only is RPS a state leader in high school dropouts, it also ranks among the worst school districts in the state for student achievement scores on state Standards of Learning tests.

In a statement issued on behalf of Superintendent Dana T. Bedden, the school system pledged to cooperate with any federal probe resulting from the complaint, but also noted that concerns about discipline already are being addressed.

Expressing disappointment that the complaint was not brought first to RPS for resolution, the statement noted that “Richmond Public Schools is working diligently to ensure all disciplinary actions are fair and consistent.”

Among other things, RPS has ended zero-tolerance policies and overhauled the Student Code of Responsible Ethics. In addition, RPS stated that the system of discipline has been revamped to take into account “the nature and seriousness of the violation, the student’s age, the student’s previous disciplinary record and any other relevant circumstances in determining the most appropriate school interventions or consequences based on each student’s grade level and behavior.”

Despite the rarity of a majority-black school division being accused of racial bias, Richmond’s discipline situation is not that unusual. A recent report by the Legal Aid Justice Center contains data showing African-American students receive more discipline, are hit with more suspensions and receive more referrals to courts than any other racial group of students in Virginia. The report finds that pattern exists in virtually every school division with large numbers of African-American students.